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Definition for: abstract

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English

Etymology 1

From Old French abstract , or from Latin abstractus , past participle of abstrahere , formed from abs- "away" + trahere "to draw".

Pronunciation

  • AHD: ăb'străkt" , IPA: /ˈæbstrækt/ , SAMPA: /"{b%str{kt/

Noun

abstract ( plural abstracts )

  1. An abridgement or summary.
  2. Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of something else.
  3. An abstraction; an abstract term.
  4. ( art ) An abstract work of art.
  5. That which is abstract.
  6. ( medicine ) A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

an abrigement or summary

  • Catalan: resum, m .
  • Croatian: sažetak m .
  • Danish: Abstrakt
  • Dutch: samenvatting, korte inhoud
  • French: abstract m . , résumé m .
  • German: Zusammenfassung f .
  • Italian: estratto m . , sunto m . , compendio m .
  • Japanese: 概要 (がいよう, gaiyō), 要約 (yōyaku)
  • Norwegian: sammendrag n . , oppsummering m . , utdrag n . , [[referat] n .
  • Portuguese: resumo m . , sumário m .
  • Russian: конспект m . , реферат m .
  • Swedish: referat n . , sammandrag n . , sammanfattning c . , utdrag n .

something that concentrates in itself the qualities of something else

  • Catalan: xifra, f .
  • Norwegian: sammenfatning m .

an abstraction

  • Catalan: abstracció, f .
  • Croatian: apstrakcija f .
  • Dutch: abstractie
  • Japanese: 抽象的な (ちゅうしょうてきな, chūshōtekina)
  • Norwegian: distraksjon n .

an abstract work of art

  • Japanese: 抽象派の (ちゅうしょうはの, chūshōhano)
  • Norwegian: abstrakt

that which is abstract

  • Japanese: 抽象的な (ちゅうしょうてきな, chūshōtekina)
  • Norwegian: abstraksjon m .

an extract of a vegetable substance

  • Dutch: uittreksel
  • Croatian: ekstrakt m .
  • Japanese: 抽出 (ちゅうしゅつ, chūshutsu)
  • Norwegian: ekstrakt
  • German : Auszug
  • Indonesian : abstrak
  • Interlingua : abstracto, summario
  • Korean : 개요 (gaeyo)
  • Novial : abstraktu or abstraktetu
  • Spanish : extracto

Adjective

abstract ( comparative more abstract , superlative most abstract )

  1. ( obsolete ) Extracted.
  2. Considered apart from any application to a particular object; removed from; apart from; separate; abstracted.
  3. Absent in mind.
  4. Apart from practice or reality; not concrete; ideal; vague; theoretical; impersonal.
  5. Difficult to understand; abstruse.
  6. ( art ) Free from representational qualities.
  7. ( logic ) General (as opposed to particular).

Synonyms

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

extracted

  • Dutch: onttrokken

separate

  • Dutch: afgezonderd, gescheiden
  • French: abstrait
  • Italian: teorico
  • Portuguese: abstrato
  • Norwegian: abstrakt
  • Russian: абстрактный (abstráktnyj)
  • Swedish: abstrakt

absent in mind

  • Dutch: afwezig, verstrooid
  • Norwegian: distrahert

apart from practice or reality; not concrete

  • Catalan: abstracte
  • Dutch: abstract, theoretisch
  • German: abstrakt
  • Italian: astratto, teorico
  • Japanese: 抽象的な (ちゅうしょうてきな, chūshōtekina)
  • Norwegian: abstrakt
  • Portuguese: abstrato
  • Russian: абстрактный (abstráktnyj)
  • Swedish: abstrakt, teoretisk

difficult to understand

  • Italian: astruso
  • Norwegian: abstrakt
  • Swedish: djupsinnig, svårfattlig

free from representational qualities

  • Catalan: abstracte
  • Dutch: abstract
  • Japanese: 抽象的な (ちゅうしょうてきな, chūshōtekina)
  • Norwegian: abstrakt

general as opposed to particular

  • Dutch: algemeen
  • Japanese: 抽象的な (ちゅうしょうてきな, chūshōtekina)
  • Estonian : abstraktne
  • Indonesian : abstrak
  • Interlingua : abstracte
  • Korean : 추상적인
  • Novial : abstrakti or abstraktet
  • Spanish : abstracto
  • Turkish : soyut, abstre

Etymology 2

From Latin abstractum , past participle of abstrahere ; also from the adjective.

Pronunciation

  • AHD: ăb"străkt' , IPA: /əbˈstrækt/ , SAMPA: /%{b"str{kt/

Verb

to abstract ( third-person singular simple present abstracts , present participle abstracting , simple past abstracted , past participle abstracted )

  1. ( transitive ) To separate; to remove; to take away.
  2. ( transitive ) To withdraw.
  3. ( transitive ) ( euphemistic ) To steal; to take away; to remove without permission.
  4. ( transitive ) ( art ) To create artistic abstractions of.
  5. ( transitive ) To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize.
  6. ( transitive ) To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself.
  7. ( transitive ) To draw off (interest or attention).
    He was wholly abstracted by other objects.
  8. ( transitive ) ( obsolete ) To extract by means of distillation.
  9. ( intransitive ) To withdraw oneself; to retire.
  10. ( intransitive ) ( rare ) To perform the process of abstraction.
  11. ( intransitive ) ( computing ) To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".
    He abstracted out the square root function.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

to separate; to remove; to take away

  • Dutch: afzonderen
  • French: abstraire
  • Italian: rimuovere, sottrarre, estrarre
  • Portuguese: abstrair
  • Swedish: abstrahera, skilja av, skilja ut, ta bort

to withdraw

  • Dutch: terugtrekken

to steal

  • Dutch: ontvreemden
  • Italian: sottrarre
  • Portuguese: roubar
  • Swedish: knycka, stjäla

to create an artistic abstraction of

  • Dutch: abstraheren

to abridge, epitomize, or summarize

  • Dutch: samenvatten
  • French: abstraire
  • Italian: riassumere
  • Portuguese: resumir, sumariar
  • Swedish: göra sammandrag av, sammanfatta,

to consider abstractly

  • Dutch: abstraheren

to draw off

  • Dutch: afleiden

to extract by means of distillation

  • Dutch: onttrekken

to withdraw oneself

  • Dutch: zich terugtrekken

to perform the process of abstraction

  • Dutch: abstraheren
  • Italian: astrarre
  • Novial: abstrakte
  • Russian: абстрагировать (abstragírovat')
  • Swedish: abstrahera
  • German : entziehen
  • Interlingua : abstraher
  • Korean : 분리하다, 추출하다
  • Novial : abstrakte
  • Spanish : extractar
  • Turkish : soyutlamak

References

Other Translations for "abstract"

Braille 6 Dot
Braille 8 Dot
Sign Language Spelling
Morse Codeabstract
Hexe1 e2 f3 74 72 e1 63 74
Pig Latinabstractway

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Last Updated: Tue Feb 02 12:46:53 EST 2010 - Source - Privacy
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