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Definition for: be

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other translations of be - Other Translations

See also Be , , , , and be-

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /biː/ , SAMPA: /bi:/
  • Rhymes: -iː

Homophones

Etymology 1

Irregular forms inherited from the Old English compound verb bēon-wesan .

Verb

Infinitive: to be
Imperative: be
Present participle: being
Past participle: been
Present indicative Past indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive
First-person singular am was be were
Second-person singular are or, obsolete, art were or, obsolete, wast be were or, obsolete, wert
Third-person singular is was be were
First-person plural are were be were
Second-person plural are were be were
Third-person plural are were be were
  1. ( intransitive ) : To occupy a place.
    The cat is in the bag, it will still be in the bag tomorrow.
  2. ( intransitive ) : To occur, to take place.
    When and where is the test? It will be tomorrow, in room 5.
  3. ( intransitive ) without predicate: To exist
  4. ( intransitive ) without predicate: ellipsis for "be here" or similar
    The postman has been today, but my tickets have still not yet come.
  5. ( copular ) : Indicates that the subject and object are the same.
    Two plus two is four. or Two plus two are four.
    Ignorance is bliss.
  6. ( copular ) : Indicates that the subject plays the role of the object.
    François Mitterrand was president of France from 1981 to 1995
  7. ( copular ) : Connects a noun to an adjective describing it.
    The sky is blue.
  8. ( copular ) : Indicates that the subject has the qualities described by a noun or noun phrase.
    The sky is a deep blue today.
    The street was a confusion of vendors and shoppers.
  9. ( auxiliary ) : Used to form the passive voice.
    The dog was drowned in the pond.
    i.e. someone killed the dog, as opposed to The dog drowned in the pond, where the dog died accidentially.
    The staff meeting will be held next Monday at 1:00.
  10. ( auxiliary ) : Used to form the continuous forms of the several tenses.
    The woman is walking.
    For how long had you been waiting before the bus came?
  11. ( auxiliary ) : Used to form the subjunctive mood.
    Be she more patient.

Translations

Caution! This verb is fraught with irregularities of both form and usage in many languages. Strict literal translations should be viewed with suspicion.


  • Ancient Greek: ειναι
  • Breton: bezañ
  • Bulgarian: съм (sǎm)
  • Catalan: ser, estar
  • Chinese:
Cantonese: 係 (hai6)
Mandarin: 是 (shì), 有 (yǒu), 在 (zài)
  • Japanese:
    ( auxiliary , copula ) だ (da, informal ), です (desu, semi-formal )
    ( existence ) 有る (ある, aru, inanimate ); 居る (いる, iru, animate )
  • Korean: 이다 (ida) ( copula ), 있다 (issda, itta) ( to exist )
  • Kurdish: bûn
  • Latin: esse ( usu. cited by its 1st-p. sg form sum)
  • Lithuanian: būti
  • Macedonian: сум
  • Manx: bee
  • Norwegian: være
  • Novial: es
  • Old Church Slavonic: бъіти (bŭĭti)
  • Old English: bēon-wesan
  • Persian: بودن (budan)
  • Polish: być
  • Portuguese: intransitive 1 ser, existir, 2 estar; copular 1~3 ser; auxiliary 1 ser (with passive voice), 2 estar (with active voice)
  • Romanian: fi
  • Russian: быть (byt’) (intransitive verb 1-2, auxilary verb 1) (usually omitted), являться (javlját’sja) (copular verb 1), существовать (suščestvovát’) (intransitive verb 3)
  • Slovak: byť
  • Slovene: biti
  • Spanish: ser, estar (note: ser and estar are not interchangeable)
  • Swedish: vara
  • Vietnamese: là (usu. omitted when intransitive)

Etymology 2

Abbreviation of Belgium or Belarusian.

Noun

be

  1. (initialism) Belgium.
  2. The ISO 639 alpha-2 language code for Belarusian.
Rank of this word in the English language, from analyzing texts from Project Gutenberg.
had you not #19: be at by on

Albanian

Noun

be

  1. oath

Amuzgo

Adjective

be

  1. red

Balinese

Noun

be

  1. fish
  2. meat, fish, tofu, egg (everything that is eaten with rice exept vegetables)

Catalan

Noun

be

  1. Noun of the letter b
  2. sheep, ram, ewe, lamb

Hungarian

Adverb

be

  1. in

See also


Lithuanian

Particle

be

  1. (shows absence of smth) without
  2. besides; but, except

Lojban

Cmavo

be

  1. Connects the following sumti to the previous sumti as an internal sumti (subordinate clause); by default as the x2 argument
    le klama be la paris.
    the one going to Paris
    le klama be fo la paris.
    the one travelling via Paris

Related terms


Norwegian

Verb

Infinitive
be
Present tense
ber
Past tense
ba(d)
Past participle
bedt
  1. To pray
  2. To ask something of someone

Old Prussian

Conjunction

be

  1. and
    wāiklis be mērgā - a boy and a girl

Preposition

be

  1. without

Scots

Etymology

Old English bēon-wesan .

Verb

tae be

  1. to be.

Conjugation


Swedish

Conjugations of be
Infinitive be
Present tense ber
Past tense bad
Supine bett
Imperative be
Present participle bedjande
Past participle bedd

Verb

be

  1. To ask for, request someone else to do something
  2. To pray
  3. To beg, to plead with someone for help or for a favor.

Alternative spellings

Other Translations for "be"

Braille 6 Dot
Braille 8 Dot
Sign Language Spelling
Morse Codebe
Hexe2 65
Pig Latinebay

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Last Updated: Tue Feb 02 12:46:53 EST 2010 - Source - Privacy
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